Endodontics is the branch of science in which root canal treatments are performed. Nowadays, root canal treatment is performed in one session for living teeth, and usually in two sessions for lost teeth.

Endodontics is a branch that aims to diagnose and treat diseases of the dental pulp (vessels, nerves) and periapical tissues (root tip and surrounding) as well as prevent possible diseases.

The main purpose of Endodontics is to keep the tooth in the mouth for the longest time. In this context, Endodontics is of great importance among dentistry branches.

Using today’s modern technology effectively, endodontists can apply a painless and painless root canal treatment in a single session to teeth that have lost their vitality due to traumas experienced independently of deep decays or caries.

What is tooth decay?

Dental caries are perceived as cavities that are mostly seen with dark discolorations. Although it is a preventable disease, there are very few people in the world who do not experience tooth decay.

Why do teeth decay?

Bacteria plaque formed by bacteria in the mouth can form acid from the mouth residue of sugary and floury foods. These acids dissolve the mineral tissue of the teeth, causing the enamel of the tooth to deteriorate, resulting in the onset of tooth decay and cavities that dentists call cavities.

Who gets more bruises?

Since the combination of sugary and floury foods with bacteria causes cavities, there is a danger for everyone. However, those with a very high proportion of carbohydrate and sugary foods in their diets and those with very low fluoride in the water they drink are at a much greater risk of caries. Although saliva creates a natural defense mechanism against the acid created by the bacterial plaque, it cannot prevent decay by itself. Diseases or drugs that reduce the flow and amount of saliva also accelerate the formation of caries.

Can tooth decay be prevented?


Brushing teeth after breakfast and before going to bed in the evening and flossing every day is the most effective way. Toothbrushes should be selected with small heads, as food residues mostly accumulate in the recesses on the chewing surfaces of the teeth and on the interfaces where the teeth touch each other. The inner surfaces of the teeth, the outer surfaces, the chewing surfaces and the top of the tongue should be brushed and dental floss should be used at the interfaces. Brushes should be of medium hard or soft bristle and should be changed regularly. The bristles of the brush should not be worn and should be stored in a way that they do not carry bacteria. Never use someone else’s toothbrush. By using a fluoride toothpaste while brushing teeth should take advantage of fluoride’s role in preventing tooth decay. Fluoride mouthwashes can also be used to help with fluoride pastes, which also remove bad breath and give a feeling of freshness and cleanliness.

It is also important to try to consume sugary foods at main meals and try not to eat anything between meals.

Regular visits to the dentist are the best way to prevent or catch a caries early. In addition, referring to the dentist without delay in cases such as cold and heat sensitive teeth or painful teeth or initial decays that are chalky-colored, brown discolorations and cavities will change the form of the treatment and reduce the difficulty.

What is a filler?

Filling is the restoration of decayed teeth after all the decays and residues have been removed, in accordance with the normal form of that tooth and with a proven substance that can remain in the mouth for a long time without causing any problems.

The most frequently and successfully applied fillings today:

They are amalgam fillings and radiant fillings.

Amalgam fillings are gray colored fillings that have been developed and used for more than 90 years. Because of its color and content of mercury, they are not looked very warm. However, they are also the most used filling materials. This is because of its robustness, economy and the fact that mercury poisoning due to filling has not been scientifically proven for so many years.

Radiation filling, which is the other frequently used filling material, is a material that is selected in accordance with the color of the tooth and is sensitive to a special light, and it is hardened by filling the cavity with light. Although its superiority over amalgam filling is accepted at first glance, successful results are obtained when applied correctly according to the position and condition of the tooth to be applied.

How Do You Know That You Need Root Canal Treatment?

Sensitivity to hot and cold,
Pain when chewing or not being able to chew comfortably,
Sudden toothache, (mostly at night)
Discoloration of the tooth after an impact

The success rate of root canal treatments, where the correct treatment method is applied for today, reaches 90%.