Periodontology is a branch of dentistry that examines the clinical and microscopic structure of the hard and soft tissues surrounding the teeth, diagnoses diseases affecting these tissues, applies their treatments and provides the maintenance of health. Periodontal disease is an inflammatory condition that affects these soft and hard tissues surrounding the gums and teeth. .
Symptoms of Gum Disease
Sensitivity to cold drinks
Teeth do not close as before
Bleeding in the gums and gums while brushing the teeth
New gaps between teeth
Sores that occur constantly in the mouth
Swelling and redness in the gums,
Periodontitis disease; It is an inflammatory type characterized by tooth and tooth supporting tissue destruction. Gingivitis has progressed to the alveolar bone (jawbone). Its main cause is bacterial plaques, it can be treated mechanically. It can be seen that the causes of the disease are factors in genetic, environmental and systematic factors. Systemic factors include epilepsy, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, Down syndrome, AIDS and blood diseases.
Gingival bleeding is the first sign of periodontal disease, which is common. Red gums are swollen and shiny surface. Often, these symptoms can be accompanied by bad breath, itching in the gums, bleeding sensation, and tooth sensitivity.
Periodontal diseases appear to affect people of all ages from childhood to old age to different degrees. Most of the time, since the patient does not have any complaints such as pain, it can progress without symptoms. When the patient has a complaint, solid, decay-free teeth are lost by shaking due to loss of supporting tissues.
If the main teeth can be saved even if they are unhealthy, all necessary treatment methods should be applied to prevent loss. At this point, periodontal therapy comes into play. Different treatment methods can be applied according to the type and severity of the disease. These; It can be summarized primarily as oral hygiene education, tartar cleaning, root surface straightening, regenerative, reconstructive and mucogingival operations. It can be included in periodontal treatment to ensure gum aesthetics of individuals with a high laugh line. The patient’s habits and cooperation with the specialist doctor, oral hygiene and treatment planning directly affect the success.
No restorative treatment can be applied to teeth that are periodontally unhealthy.